Adler University Timeline
Alfred Adler publishes Health Book for the Tailor Trade, linking medical problems of tailors with poor living and working conditions; lays foundation for the study of mental health social determinants.
Sigmund Freud invites Alfred Adler to join the Wednesday Psychological Society (later called the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society).
Alfred Adler and Freud part ways, and Adler is expelled from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.
Alfred Adler is drafted as a military physician for the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Alfred Adler is discharged from military service and begins to emphasize social interest and community issues in his writing.
The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is ratified, which prohibits gender-based restrictions on voting.
Alfred Adler establishes the first Child Guidance Clinic in Vienna, and he lectures at Vienna’s Pedagogical Institute.
Alfred Adler develops the open forum model of counseling—involving parents and children in public counseling demonstrations—to make psychological intervention and psychotherapy accessible to the general public.
Rudolf Dreikurs begins working within Adler’s Child Guidance Clinics.
Economic depression reaches Europe. Mahatma Gandhi leads the Salt March to Dandi, beginning the civil disobedience movement and the road to independence for India.
Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany and suspends basic civil rights.
Alfred Adler publishes Social Interest: A Challenge to Mankind. Social interest is articulated as a construct to explain people, to guide work with people, and to describe our responsibility to each other within our communities.
Alfred Adler dies on May 28 while on a lecture tour in Aberdeen, Scotland. Rudolf Dreikurs finishes the tour.
The Fair Labor Standards Act is enacted, legislating the eight-hour workday and limiting the abuse of children through many forms of child labor.
Rudolf Dreikurs opens the first Child Guidance Center on the South Side of Chicago—the Abraham Lincoln Center—using the open forum counseling model and offering parenting education and training to the community.
Rudolf Dreikurs establishes the second Chicago Guidance Center at the Jane Addams Hull House Mary Crane Nursery. Dreikurs and his family are residents at Hull House.
The United States drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. World War II ends. United Nations is established.
United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to promote human, civil, economic, and social rights as the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace in the world.
Rudolf Dreikurs and the Individual Psychology Association of Chicago found the Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago, renamed the Adler School of Professional Psychology in 1991).
Rudolf Dreikurs establishes a Child Guidance Center in the Lake View neighborhood of Chicago.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka paves the way for school integration and the civil rights movement.
The Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago develops a research program with the University of Chicago Counseling Center to study the effectiveness of time-limited therapy.
The Alfred Adler Institute faculty join with the University of Chicago in co-sponsoring a Psychology of Women course of study designed and taught by the Institute.
Rudolf Dreikurs publishes Social Equality: The Challenge of Our Times through the Alfred Adler Institute. Later, in 1971, it is revised and republished as Social Equality: Challenge of Today.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is organized. In 1964, The Civil Rights Act is passed, illegalizing discrimination based on race, religion, gender, national origin, and other characteristics.
The Alfred Adler Institute creates a group therapy program for incarcerated people at Cook County Jail, the precursor to a later focus on the incarcerated and the formerly incarcerated.
Martin Luther King, Jr. leads a march of about 700 through Marquette Park in Chicago to protest housing segregation.
The Alfred Adler Institute begins the Teacher Development Center with a school in Rockford, Illinois, preparing teachers to use Adlerian theory and principles. The initiative is the precursor for many similar programs.
The first Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology) program begins at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
The Stonewall Riots occur in New York City, marking the start of the gay rights movement. In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association declares that homosexuality is not a mental disorder.
The Environmental Protection Agency is established, and the first Earth Day is observed on April 22.
The Dreikurs Psychological Services Center, the precursor of Adler Community Health Services, is established as a community mental health center and as a training site for the Alfred Adler Institute.
The Vail Conference establishes the scholar-practitioner model of training for professional psychology within the American Psychological Association.
The Art Therapy Program is begun by Sadie “Tee” Dreikurs, a student of Jane Addams and an art therapist at St. Joseph Hospital in Chicago.
The Family Learning Program is launched and offers public counseling demonstrations.
The Alfred Adler Institute establishes procedures to work with other institutes and organizations to formalize distributed/distance education and training in counseling psychology and school counseling.
The Alfred Adler Institute begins granting a Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology.
The Institute moves from 110 South Dearborn Street to larger quarters at 159 North Dearborn Street.
The first commencement exercises for graduates of the Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology program is held on October 8.
Enrollment increases support the Institute’s move to 618 South Michigan Avenue.
The Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) Program begins with an entering class of 24 students.
Nelson Mandela is released from prison in South Africa. In 1994, he is elected President and supports reconciliation and transition toward multiracial democracy in South Africa.
The World Wide Web is proposed and released.
The Americans with Disabilities Act is enacted, mirroring protections afforded by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to those with certain disabilities.
The Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago is renamed the Adler School of Professional Psychology. The University motto is reaffirmed as Non nobis solus sed omnibus (Not for ourselves alone but for all).
The Adler School moves to new quarters at 65 East Wacker Place, more than doubling the size of the campus.
The Master of Arts in Counseling and Organizational Psychology is launched.
The Adler School celebrates its 50th anniversary.
The Board of Trustees refines the Vision of the Adler School, based on its Adlerian heritage, to focus on socially responsible practice and social justice.
The Master of Arts in Police Psychology is launched, the first of its kind in graduate education.
The first Adler Institute for Social Change, the Institute on Social Exclusion, is established.
The Adler School begins operation of a Vancouver Campus. Since 1978, the University had offered education and training in Vancouver through an agreement with the Adlerian Psychology Association of British Columbia.
The Adler School revises curricula for all degree programs, following a community-based needs assessment, to produce socially responsible practitioners. The first Community Service Practicum is implemented, the first of its kind in graduate psychology training.
The second Adler Institute for Social Change, the Institute on Public Safety and Social Justice, is established.
Masters programs in Rehabilitation Psychology and Gerontological Psychology are launched.
Following a three-year community-wide planning process, a new campus is established at 17 North Dearborn Street.
Programs in Sport and Health Psychology and Forensic Psychology are initiated.